The lowdown on ovarian cysts
An imbalance in the hormones is believed to cause ovarian cysts.
The word ‘cyst’ can make anyone uncomfortable. But you should know that not all cysts are harmful; some can be benign too. That is often the case with ovarian cysts, bubble-like, fluid-filled sacs that develop in ovaries. It is a common condition among women and occurs at least once in a lifetime.
Although painless and harmful, you should still have a basic understanding of ovarian cysts and how they affect you, your ovaries, and your ability to reproduce. Here’s a starter’s guide on ovarian cysts.
Risk factors of ovarian cysts
There are several factors that increase the risk of developing ovarian cysts. These include:
1. Hormonal imbalanceAn imbalance in the hormones is believed to cause ovarian cysts. Hormonal drugs can also interfere with the natural process of ovulation, which can increase the risk.
2. Pelvic infectionsSevere infection in the pelvic can spread to the ovaries and cause cysts.
3. PregnancyPregnant women are more likely to experience ovarian cysts. This is because the cysts that form at the time of ovulation lasts throughout pregnancy.
Symptoms of Ovarian cysts
You are unlikely to notice any kind of symptoms with ovarian cysts. If you do experience something unusual, it is often limited to swelling and pain in the lower abdomen. However, a ruptured cyst can cause sharp and severe pain. More rare and severe cystic symptoms include:
- Immense pelvic pain
- Discomfort during bowel movement
- Inability to pass urine
- Sudden weight gain
- Pain during periods
- Unexplainable vaginal bleeding
- Tenderness in the breasts
Effect of ovarian cysts on pregnancy
Ovarian cysts commonly develop during pregnancy. Such cysts are usually harmless and do not have a negative effect on your body. However, the cysts may sometimes rupture and cause problems at the time of childbirth. In such cases, your doctor will help monitor ovary pain, cystic symptoms, and the effects, if any, to ensure that you have a safe pregnancy.
When is it a real cause of concern?
Sometimes, ovarian cysts can be a matter of concern and must not be ignored. If you find out that you have cysts and notice the following symptoms, it is time to consult a doctor immediately.
- Severe fever and nausea
- Severe abdominal pain
- Inability to breathe
- Incessant bleeding
These are severe ovarian cysts symptoms and could mean that the sacs have opened and ruptured. In some cases, although rare, surgical removal may be recommended.
Finding an ovarian cyst
Visit the doctor if you notice any symptoms related to ovarian cysts. The doctor will conduct a pelvic exam to detect any swelling of a cyst in your ovary. If a cyst is found, the doctor will ask you to undergo some tests such as the following.