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What Causes Irregular Periods?

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What Causes Irregular Periods?

While some women experience a smooth period cycle that always arrives on time, others have it a bit erratic. Both are completely normal.

It’s eight in the evening. You are enjoying your favourite web show with your best friend when it suddenly strikes you that you haven’t had your period yet. One word: panic.

Well, you are bound to get anxious, especially if it’s a few days well past your usual time. However, there is no reason to worry.

Here’s why.

On average, women get their period once every 24 days. It then lasts for anywhere from 2 days to 8 days. However, the menstrual cycle can sometimes get disrupted, delaying your period. This is how you get an irregular period.

There are several reasons why this may happen. So, let’s take a quick look at some of these reasons and if you should be concerned.

Normal Period During the Initial Stages
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Normal Period During the Initial Stages

Do note that your body is different, and it will function differently, from, say, your best friend.

If you have just started menstruating in the last few years, irregular periods are a very common occurrence. You don’t need to worry as it takes a while for your menstrual cycle to stabilize and have regular periods.

Comparing your menstrual cycle with your friend’s and finding irregularity does not mean you are getting irregular periods. It just means that your bodies are following their own clocks.

Causes of an Irregular Period
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Causes of an Irregular Period

There are several causes associated with an irregular period. While it is often triggered by underlying health conditions, it could also be a natural bodily influence. Here are the most common causes.

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Birth Control
  3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  4. Being Overweight or Obesity
  5. Excessive Physical Exertion
  6. Stress

1. Pregnancy


A possible pregnancy is a common cause for a missed period. If you have engaged in sexual intercourse, you must immediately take a pregnancy test to confirm or rule out pregnancy. Also look out for symptoms such as nausea, tenderness in the breast, fatigue, and spotting. In case of pregnancy, speak with your guardian and consult your doctor.

2. Birth Control


Birth control pills and devices can cause hormonal fluctuation. This can result in irregular periods and vaginal spotting. You may also experience lighter periods.

3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)


Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a common condition that affects women, which can cause irregular periods. It can also lead to missing periods or heavy bleeding in some cases. You are also likely to experience other side effects such as baldness, loss of body and facial hair, infertility, and obesity.

If you detect any PCOS symptoms in you, seek medical assistance immediately.

4. Being Overweight or Obesity


The most common cause of an abnormal period pattern is excessive body weight. It has its implication on the hormones and insulin levels of your body. This, in turn, interferes with your period cycle.

Rapid weight gain must be immediately brought to the notice of your doctor.

5. Excessive Physical Exertion


If you exercise or exert your body to extreme levels, it is likely to impact your hormones. Intensive training and sports activities are known to interfere with your regular period cycle. If you feel this could be the cause of your irregular menstrual cycle, it is recommended that you moderate it.

Stress is a well-known defaulter and one of your body’s biggest enemies.

6. Stress

Several studies show how stress can severely regulate your hormonal functions. Taking a few days off from school and/or stress management are recommended.

To Conclude…

There are several possible causes of irregular periods, and the best way to detect and solve them is to listen to your body. Track your period in a journal and look out for any symptoms like nausea, bleeding, vaginal discharge, or severe pain.

If you think that your body functions are unusual and recurrent, talk to your mother or a trusted female. You may also consult your doctor who will evaluate these changes and help you with corrective actions or a remedy if needed.

The key is to lead a healthy lifestyle and be informed about menstruation and feminine health. Keep following the ALWAYS blog for more tips, guides, and advice. You can also explore a wide range of Always feminine hygiene products like sanitary pads, panty liners and tampons, to help you through your tough days.

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